Bricks 2 CH5

The European Union
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 30 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

Onderdelen in deze les

The European Union

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Slide 2 - Video

Chapter 5:
The European Union
Section 5.1.: History
Section 5.2.: How is the EU organised?
Section 5.3.: The NW of the EU
Section 5.4.: The southern EU
Section 5.5.: The eastern  EU
Topography Europe

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Peaceful Europe?

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

The European Union (EU)
- Two world wars made the world feel less safe.
--> Some European countries decided to work together

--> European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)
(colaboration in a common market)

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

European coorperation
Economic coorperation
The EU was formed out of this and started with 6 countries. Now it has 27 countries. 

In this union there is free trade. 

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

How many people live in the European Union?
+- 450 million people
+- 200 million people
+- 750 million people
+- 1 billion people

Slide 9 - Quizvraag

Treaty of Maastricht 1993
The European Union was formed
--> To apply countries had to have the following criteria:
  1. They have to be a democracy
  2. They need to have a working market economy
  3. They need to implement any EU-laws. 

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

What does the European Union want?
Safety and economic growth
Peace and welfare
Welfare and well-being
Peace and more money

Slide 11 - Quizvraag

Put in the correct order:

Slide 12 - Sleepvraag

The government of Europe

  • The European commission
  • The European Parliament
  • Counsil of ministers

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Let's start off with:
European Commission 
--> Decides on legislation (Laws) 
--> Has 27 members, a.k.a. European Commissioners 
 (one from each country) 
--> Represents the EU internationally
--> The European Commission is based in Brussels.

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

And then....
The European Parliament. 
--> MEP's (751) keep an eye out for the European Commission. 
--> They approve and supervise all decisions made by the European Commission. 
--> Voted for by EU-citizens.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Slide 17 - Link

Never again war!
Shuman declaration > 1952 ECSC

Treaty of Rome > 1957 European Economic Community (EEC)

In 1967, the EEC became the European Community (EC), to stress that economic cooperation was not the only goal anymore. 

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Schengen treaty
Treaty in which was decided that not only products but also people and money could move freely between all member states.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

The principle that matters that can be organised on a national scale more efficiently, should  regulated by a country itself.

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Northwest, south and east
- physical geographical characteristics
- human geographical characteristics
- contributing to the EU
- profiting from the EU

Figure 5.15

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Northwest: physical
Moderate maritime climate, with cool summers, mild winters and rainfall throughout the year.

Landscape is dominated by relatively flat lowlands, but there are hilly areas and mountain ranges.

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Northwest: human
An urbanised area.
Tertiary (services) sector.
The primary (agriculture) sector is small in size, but large in output > capital intensive farms.

HDI and GDP/capita are very high.

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Northwest: benefits/contributes
All northwestern EU countries (except for Ireland) are net contributors: they pay more than they receive. 

The two major items on which EU money is spent are agriculture (mainly subsidies for farmers) e.g. in France and regional development.

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

South: physical
Mediterranean climate. Summers are warm and dry, winters are mild and wet. 

More relief, plateaus and mountain ranges.

Near the plate boundary of the Eurasian and African plates, earthquakes and volcanic activity is quite common.

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

South: human
Less densely populated.
Tertiary sector > tourism 
Secondary sector > e.g. clothing industry, car manufacture
Primary sector > e.g. olives, wine
HDI and GDP/capita are lower
 Romance languages and Catholicism

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

South: benefits/contributes
European subsidies to stimulate GDP/capita (agriculture).
Subsidies for infrastructural works.

 Net receivers: they receive more than they pay (exept for Italy).

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

East: physical
Transition: the maritime climate in the northwestern EU to a continental climate in the most eastern part. 
Continental climates > warm summers and cold winters.
Flat, highlands, important rivers.

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

East: human
Less urbanised and less densely populated.
Poorest region in the EU. Globally very highly developed (HDI)
Economic development strongly linked to its communist past > vulnerable

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

East: benefits/contributes
Net receiver. 
Most EU money is spent on agriculture and development of backward regions > cohesion funds.

The more members, the greater the chance for peace in Europe, and a bigger common market.

Slide 30 - Tekstslide