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The Present Simple
Present Simple
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 50 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

time-iconLesduur is: 60 min

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The Present Simple
Present Simple

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?


The present simple is an English tense (werkwoordtijd). A regular present simple sentence looks like this:

                   We eat french fries every Sunday.




Slide 2 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

A normal present simple sentence only has one 
verb (werkwoord) in the present tense. 

On the next slide, drag and drop the sentences into the correct box. Look at the amount (hoeveelheid) of verbs and the tense. 








Slide 3 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

Now you know what the present simple looks like. 
But when do you use it?
We use the present simple when we talk about:
- Facts
The leopard runs very fast.
- Routines & habits
Harry plays football every Wednesday. 

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

1. I like scary movies.
2. He is walking the dog.
3. We danced all night long.
4. She plays the piano.
5. They are my parents.
Present Simple
Not Present Simple
1
2
3
4
5

Slide 5 - Sleepvraag

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

In a sentence, you know if it is a fact or routine by looking at signal words

Words like everyday, never, always, sometimes, often, usually, every Wednesday  tell you it is about a routine. It happens often.

If there are no signal words, the sentence tells you a fact.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Look at the words below. Which ones are signal words for the Present Simple and which ones are not?
Signal word
Not a signal word
Next Friday
Yesterday
Never
Wednesday
Often
Every week

Slide 7 - Sleepvraag

The Present Simple
Adverbs of frequency
The signal words for the Present Simple are often adverbs of frequency. Some examples are: never, always, usually, often, sometimes.

They have their place in the sentence, before the main verb (hoofdwerkwoord)
"Jack often goes to the park after school."
BUT, after the verb BE (am, is, are) 
"I am often tired after school"


Slide 8 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Adverbs of frequency



Adverbs of frequency

Rewrite (herschrijf) the sentences by putting the adverbs of frequency in brackets (haakjes) in the correct place. Pay attention to capital letters in the sentence and the full stop (punt aan het einde van de zin).

Example: I go to school on Saturday. (NEVER)
Answer: I never go to school on Saturday.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Ronnie is early for school. (ALWAYS)

Slide 10 - Open vraag

We wake up late on Sunday. (USUALLY)

Slide 11 - Open vraag

They visit their grandparents at the weekend. (OFTEN)

Slide 12 - Open vraag

Great work!

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
What is the present simple?

Now you know what a normal present simple sentence looks like.

Now, we are going to take a look at:

- The SHIT-Rule ūüí©
- Questions
- Negations (ontkenningen)

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
The SHIT Rule

The SHIT Rule has to do with She, He, and IT.

The rule is:

If the subject (onderwerp) is a he, she or it, the verb gets +s.

So I dance becomes She dances.


Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Explain the SHIT-Rule in your own words. In English or Dutch.

Slide 16 - Open vraag

The Present Simple



The SHIT Rule

For the next exercise, try to make logical sentences. 
Also think about the correct use of the SHIT Rule.


Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Timmy
every Saturday.
They never
with oil.
That tree
very fast.
I always
chocolate ice cream.
Those boys
in class very often.
cook
grows
dances
shout
choose
chooses
shouts
grow

Slide 18 - Sleepvraag

The Present Simple
Questions

To make a present simple question, you have to put the verb do in front of the sentence:

 I like ice cream.     becomes      Do I like ice cream?

If the subject is a he, she or it, you have to use does. Also, look at what happens with the +s of the original verb.

Bob plays football.   becomes   Does Bob play football?


Slide 19 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Questions

For the next exercise, turn the normal present simple sentence into a question. Think about capital letters, questions marks and the SHIT Rule (do/does)!
                    Use short forms! (I'm, he's, you're)  

Example:
She loves pizza
Answer: Does she love pizza? 


Slide 20 - Tekstslide

My dog likes meat.

Slide 21 - Open vraag

That tree looks 100 years old.

Slide 22 - Open vraag

I never go to parties.

Slide 23 - Open vraag

The Queen of England plays golf every evening.

Slide 24 - Open vraag

The girls always wear the same dresses.

Slide 25 - Open vraag

The Present Simple
Questions

The verb 'to be' is a special one. 
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is, or are, you switch it with the subject.

She is very beautiful.  becomes  Is she very beautiful?

'Is' switched places with the subject. In these cases, you don't use 'do' or 'doesn't'.


Slide 26 - Tekstslide

The old man always sits in his chair.
the old man always
in his chair?
Turn the normal present simple sentence into a question
Do
Does
Is
sits
sit
sitting
Did

Slide 27 - Sleepvraag

She is my best friend.
she 
my best friend?
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 28 - Sleepvraag

They are at the club every Tuesday evening.
they
at the club every Tuesday evening?
Do
Does
Is
Be
Am
Are
Did

Slide 29 - Sleepvraag

My sister likes everything pink.
my sister
everything pink?
Do
Does
Is
Be
likes
like
Did

Slide 30 - Sleepvraag

You are doing great!

Take a moment to relax with this short minions clip!

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

Slide 32 - Video

The Present Simple
Negations (ontkenningen of ontkennende zinnen)

Now you know how to make a normal present simple sentence and questions in the present simple.

Now we are going to look at negations.


Slide 33 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Negations

Negations tell you that something is not happening. 
You can see the word not in negations, but almost always as a short form n't, as in don't or doesn't.

An example of a negation is:

                             She doesn't see very well. 


Slide 34 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Negations

So you make a negation by adding don't or doesn't to the sentence. Think about the SHIT Rule!
So not like this:
                                        I like not cookies. 

But like this:
                                       I don't like cookies 


Slide 35 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple
Negations

Look at what happens to the verb in this sentence when we turn it into a negation:

                                 He plays video games every day.

                        He doesn't play video games every day.

The +s disappears after doesn't. The same happened with the questions!


Slide 36 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple



Negations

In the next exercise, try to turn the normal present simple into a negation. Pay attention to capital letters, full stops (punt achter een zin) and the SHIT Rule.
                   Use short forms! (don't, doesn't)

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

The girls wear the same dresses every Monday.

Slide 38 - Open vraag

The boy always cleans his plate after dinner.

Slide 39 - Open vraag

They give out flyers every morning.

Slide 40 - Open vraag

The sun shines very brightly.

Slide 41 - Open vraag

Minions like bananas very much.

Slide 42 - Open vraag

The Present Simple
Negations

Again, the verb 'to be' is special. 
If the first verb in the sentence is am, is or are, you can just add not. You don't need do/does or don't/doesn't in that case.

I am an English teacher. 
Becomes 
I am not an English teacher.


Slide 43 - Tekstslide

The Present Simple


Negations

For the next exercise, turn the normal present simple sentences into negations. Pay attention to capital letters, full stops, and the SHIT Rule!
                      Use short forms! (isn't, aren't)


Slide 44 - Tekstslide

I am a very happy person.

Slide 45 - Open vraag

She wears her best dress on Sundays.

Slide 46 - Open vraag

My dog is almost deaf.

Slide 47 - Open vraag

They are at the pool every week.

Slide 48 - Open vraag

My baby brother usually vomits after dinner.

Slide 49 - Open vraag

The Present Simple
Present Simple
You're finished, well done!

Slide 50 - Tekstslide