4V unit 3 direct indirect speech 17/01

(in)direct speech 
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 33 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les

(in)direct speech 

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

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Indirect speech

Indirect speech kun je vergelijken met roddelen in 'real life'.

Peter: I absolutely hate school.

Peter said (that) he absolutely hated school.

Je vertelt dat iemand anders iets op een eerder moment heeft gezegd.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

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Grammar 1: indirect speech
  • How do you write a sentence in indirect speech?

  1. Your indirect speech sentence should look like this: 
    name/personal pronoun + said/told (that) + what was said
  2. Look at the original sentence. Which tense is it written in?
  3. Now that you know the tense, which tense should you use for the indirect speech sentence?

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

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One step backwards:
present ----> past
buy -------> bought

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One step backwards:
past -------> PAST perfect (NOT present)

jumped --------> HAD jumped (NOT has)
rode -----------> HAD ridden (NOT has)

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One step backwards:
present perfect -------> past perfect
has gathered ---------> had gathered
has bought -----------> had bought

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If it's still true, it stays the same.
She lives in Paris.
She said that she lives in Paris. 

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Indirect speech overview
present -> past

past -> past perfect

present perfect -> past perfect

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Direct + indirect speech 
Indirect speech usually start with:
- He said...
- She thought...
- They asked if...

Indirect speech = past tense

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Indirect speech
Write down the following sentences in indirect speech:
  1. She said: "He  works in a bank."
  2. He said: "We went out last night."
  3. She said: "I'm waiting for the bus."
  4. He said: "I can help you tomorrow."

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Indirect speech
1. *** She said: "He  works in a bank." > She said that he works in a bank
2. He said: "We went out last night." -> He said that THEY had gone out last night
3. She said: "I'm waiting for the bus." ------> She said that she was waiting for the bus. 
  1. He said: "I have bought milk." -> He said that he had bought milk

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I think it has a lot to do with bullying.
He thought it.........
had a lot to do with bullying.
has a lot to do with bullying.
has had a lot to do with bullying.

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

I agreed with it.
She told us that she
agrees with it
has agreed with it
had agreed with it

Slide 22 - Quizvraag

"I did my homework."
He said that...........

Slide 23 - Open vraag

"I will kickstart your career"
She told him

Slide 24 - Open vraag

"My brother is a famous tap-dancer"
He claimed

Slide 25 - Open vraag

"We can't come to your performance."
They told us....

Slide 26 - Open vraag

I didn't subscribe to a national newspaper.
She emphasized that

Slide 27 - Open vraag

Sam said, " I ate the last cookie."
Sam said

Slide 28 - Open vraag

Suus said, "I met him at the party."
Suus told me that

Slide 29 - Open vraag

Jim said, "I expected them to win."
Jim explained that

Slide 30 - Open vraag

Kathy said, "I have feared that it was true."

Slide 31 - Open vraag

Joe explained, "I thought that we would be done."

Slide 32 - Open vraag

Jill claimed, "She has left the door open again!"

Slide 33 - Open vraag