The Victorian era

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 5

In deze les zitten 42 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 3 videos.

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Slide 1 - Tekstslide

learning goals
I know the basics about the cultural and historical context of the Victorian Age.

I can recognise the influence of this context in literary works from this period.

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The Victorian Age 

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The Victorian era

Slide 4 - Open vraag

The Victorian Age 
  • Started around 1830 ended in early 20th century
  • Named after Queen Victoria (1837 - 1901)
  • Britain: great economic and political power
  • "The empire on which the sun never set"

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

General introduction
  • Enormous changes occured in political and social life in England
  • The scientific and technical innovations of the Industrial Revolution, the emergence of modern nationalism, and the European colonization of much of Africa, the Middle East, and the Far East changed most of Europe
  • Far-reaching new ideas created the greatest outpouring of literary works the world has ever seen

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Queen Victoria (1819-1901)  Reign: 1837-1901
  • She had the longest reign in British history after Queen Elizabeth II.
  • Became queen at the age of 18;
  • Queen Victoria restored people’s faith in the monarchy again after a series of horrible leaders
  • 1840-Victoria married a German prince, Albert, who became Prince-consort
  • After he died in 1861, she sank into a deep depression and wore black every day for the rest of her life

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Young Victoria
Elderly Victoria

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The British Empire
where the sun never sets
  • England grew to become the greatest nation on earth
  • Empire included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Africa, Kenya, and India
  • England built a very large navy and merchant fleet (for trade and colonization)
  • "the white man's burden" 

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Industrial growth

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Downsides of the uprise of industry
  • population increase 
  • Search for employment
  • Child Labour & Child crime
  • Housing shortage
  • Slum housing
  • Poor sanitary conditions
  • Destitution
  • Homeless children
  • Workhouses

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Slide 14 - Video

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The Great Exhibition

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How do we see this context in literature?

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What do you need to read?

Slide 20 - Open vraag

Victorian literature - the novel
  • The age of the novel
  • Growing audience for "true stories"
  • Greater wealth (rise of the middle classes)
  • Better education (rise in literacy)
  • Instalment system (novels published in serial form)

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Why was the novel succesful?
  • Intended for the middle class 
  • Flexible
  • Escapism
  • Realistic
  • Solutions to complex issues

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

  • daily life
  • moral purpose
  • idealism/ideal life
  • pessimism
  • visually descriptive
  • dramatic monologue
  • takes inspiration from renaissance

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A Bildungsroman is a literary term describing a formative novel about a protagonist’s psychological and moral growth from their youth into adulthood. Bildungsroman novels are generally written in the first-person and often feature the name of the protagonist directly in the title, such as Emma, Jane Eyre, and David Copperfield.

The Bildungsroman literary genre originated in Germany. The German word “bildung” means education” and the German word “roman” means “novel.” Thus, “Bildungsroman” translates to “a novel of education” or “a novel of formation.”

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Gothic novel
The adjective gothic describes something that is characterized by mystery, horror, and gloom — especially in literature. Gothic literature combines the genres of romance and horror. Some famous writers of Gothic fiction include Charlotte Bronte, Mary Shelley and Edgar Allan Poe.

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Types of jobs for poor women

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Position of women in Victorian Times
*Poor women had to work

*Bad living conditions

* no rights to vote, husband was the boss
Difference between the classes:
*Rich women were supposed to be "the Angel of the House"
*Well-furnished houses & enough food, servants
* no rights to vote, husband decided on everything

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Women's rights
Emancipation: women's rights
in GB called Sufragettes: rights & votes for women 
1918 :allowed to vote if 30 years old
1928: vote at 21 years old
Rights to vote for women & lower classes

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Male pseudonymns
  • No prejudice
  • Freedom of anonimity
  • To encourage male readership

"‘We did not like to declare ourselves women, because we had a vague impression that authoresses are liable to be looked on with prejudice." Charlotte Brontë

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Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens: Many of his novels were published in serial form, called instalments. His comic and sentimental descriptions of the lives of people in diverse occupations and social classes made Dickens the most popular Victorian novelist. 

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Charles Dickens and realism
The realistic novel was born in the 19th century, and is characterized by social content, such as the description of the struggle of the bourgeoisie against the aristocratic society, or the description of the world of the poor and unfortunate.
London was the setting of most of his novels; he knew and described it in realistic details.
At first, Dickens created middle class characters, though often satirised. He gradually developed a more radical social view, although he was not a revolutionary thinker.  

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Slide 36 - Video

What themes are addressed in Dickens' novels?

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To what purpose did Dickens use entertainment in his novels?

Slide 38 - Open vraag

In which novel did Dickens write about the blackening factory?
Oliver Twist
David Copperfield
A Christmas carol
The Pickwick papers

Slide 39 - Quizvraag

How did Dickens make readers feel compassionate about the characters?
He made the characters question the readers' own judgement about social misstandings
The characters in his books were always very poor
He wrote articles in a newspaper about it
He made sure that we liked them

Slide 40 - Quizvraag

What other aspect did Dickens address in his novels to keep people on board with his vision of social reform
He bluntly wrote down the horrids of Victorian England
He suggested people would come in hell if the did not care
He paid a lot of attention to the sweet comfort of life
He blamed rich people for not looking at poor people

Slide 41 - Quizvraag

Slide 42 - Video