Discovering the UK: Counties, Rivers, Mountains, and Capitals

Discovering the UK: Counties, Rivers, Mountains, and Capitals - Learning outcome 1.1
OCN Level 3: Travel and Tourism Destinations
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Discovering the UK: Counties, Rivers, Mountains, and Capitals - Learning outcome 1.1
OCN Level 3: Travel and Tourism Destinations

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Learning Objective
At the end of the lesson, you will be able to identify and describe 5 counties, 5 rivers, 5 mountain ranges, and 5 capital cities in the UK.

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UK Counties
The United Kingdom is made up of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Each country has a number of counties within these, and for your first assignment you will have to locate 5 counties on the map of the UK

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English Counties
There are 47 English Counties - Here they are on a map:

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Scottish Counties
There are 31 Counties in Scotland and here they are located on a map -

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Northern Ireland Counties
Northern Ireland has 6 Counties and they can be viewed on the map here -

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Welsh Counties
There are 22 Counties in Walses and they can be viewed on the map here -

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Counties in the UK - Berkshire
1. Berkshire: Located in  South England, Berkshire is known for its picturesque countryside and historic sites such as Cliveden House and St Georges Chapel

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Counties in the UK - Fife
2. Fife: Situated in  Eastern Scotland, Fife offers stunning coastal views  perfect for outdoor pursuits it is also rich in Scottish history and culture.

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Counties in the UK - Denbighshire
3. Denbighshire: Found in Wales, Denbighshire is known for its beautiful landscapes, including the Clwydian Range.

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Counties in the UK - Antrim 
4. Antrim: Located in Northern Ireland, Antrim is home to the famous Giant's Causeway and stunning coastal scenery.

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Counties in the UK - Devon
5. Devon: Situated in England, Devon boasts beautiful beaches, national parks, and historic landmarks like Dartmoor.

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UK Rivers
  • The United Kingdom (UK) is home to numerous rivers, both large and small
  • Rivers (also known as Waterways) play an important role for tourism in the UK
  • Rivers also contribute to the UK's appeal to both inbound and domestic tourists

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Rivers - Appeal
  • Scenic Beauty: Many rivers in the UK offer stunning natural scenery, with picturesque landscapes and water features. Tourists are drawn to these areas for activities such as hiking, picnicking, and photography
  • Water Activities: Rivers provide opportunities for various water-based activities such as canoeing, kayaking, fishing, and boating. Popular rivers for such activities include the River Thames, River Wye, and the Scottish rivers like the Spey and Tay
  • Wildlife Viewing: Rivers and their surrounding habitats are often home to diverse wildlife. Birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts are attracted to riverbanks for the chance to spot waterfowl, otters, fish, and other wildlife.

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Rivers - Appeal
  • Festivals and Events: Many towns and cities host festivals and events along their riversides, such as regattas, music festivals, and food festivals. These events draw both locals and tourists, contributing to the local economy

  • Tours: River cruises and guided tours are popular ways for tourists to explore and learn about the UK's waterways and the surrounding areas

  • Outdoor Recreation: Rivers and their associated trails provide opportunities for hiking, cycling, and horseback riding, attracting outdoor enthusiasts

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Rivers in the UK - Thames
River Thames: 
River Thames is the longest river in England
Location: England
Length: Approximately 215 miles (346 kilometres)
Significance: The River Thames is the longest river in England and flows through London, the UK's capital city. It has played a central role in the history and development of London and remains a vital transportation route.

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River Severn
River Severn:

Location: Wales and England
Length: Approximately 220 miles (354 kilometers)
Significance: The River Severn is the longest river in the UK and serves as a natural boundary between England and Wales. It is known for its tidal bore, which is a dramatic surge of water that travels up the river as the tide comes in.

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River Clyde
Clyde: Flowing through Scotland,
Location: Scotland
Length: Approximately 109 miles (176 kilometers)
Significance: The River Clyde flows through Glasgow and was historically a major center for shipbuilding and trade. Today, it remains an important waterway for commerce and transportation.

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River Lagan
River Lagan:
Location: Northern Ireland
Length: Approximately 40 miles (64 kilometers)
Significance: The River Lagan flows through Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland. It has been important for trade and industry and is now a focal point for redevelopment and tourism along the Lagan Towpath.

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River Tyne
Tyne: Flowing through north-eastern England, 
Location: England
Length: Approximately 73 miles (118 kilometers)
Significance: The River Tyne flows through Newcastle and Gateshead and is known for its iconic bridges, including the Tyne Bridge. It has historically been important for coal shipping and industry.

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The UK is home to many mountains, which are important for tourism - 
Which type of tourism ?

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Scotland is known for its rugged and picturesque mountain ranges, making it a popular destination for hikers, climbers, and adventure tourists. 
The most popular and biggest are Cairngorms and Ben Nevis

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Wales is home to one of the largest mountains in the UK
Snowdonia is the highest mountain in Wales and the highest point in the British Isles outside of Scotland. It stands at 1,085 meters (3,560 feet) above sea level and is located in Snowdonia National Park

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The biggest mountain in England is Scafell Pike located in Lake District England, the Lake District is renowned for its picturesque lakes, valleys, and mountains, including Scafell Pike.

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Northern Ireland
4. Mourne Mountains: Located in Northern Ireland, the Mourne Mountains offer breath-taking views and challenging hiking opportunities.

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Capital Cities - London
1. London: The capital of England and the UK, London is a global city known for its rich history, iconic landmarks, and diverse culture.

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Capital City - Scotland
2. Edinburgh: The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh is famous for its stunning architecture, annual festivals, and historic sites like the Edinburgh Castle.

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Capital City - Wales
3. Cardiff: The capital of Wales, Cardiff offers a blend of ancient history and modern developments, including Cardiff Castle and the Millennium Stadium.

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Capital Cities - Northern Ireland 
4. Belfast: The capital of Northern Ireland, Belfast is known for its vibrant culture, Titanic history, and landmarks like the Titanic Belfast museum.

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