CH5 sec. 5.3 Causes of modern imperialism

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH5 Age of citizens and steam engines
Nationalism en imperialism
sec. 5.3 Causes of modern imperialism
1 / 12
Slide 1: Tekstslide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

In deze les zitten 12 slides, met tekstslides.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH5 Age of citizens and steam engines
Nationalism en imperialism
sec. 5.3 Causes of modern imperialism

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Learning objectives
Main question: what were the motives of European countries in the 19th century to establish large overseas empires?
  • You can explain what the causes were of modern imperialism.
  • You can explain which major region in Asia belonged to England and how it was governed. 
  • You know the terms and dates of this section.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

A world economy
Around 1500, Voyages of discovery by Spain and Portugal.

Three causes:
  • Spice trade
  • Spread of Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
  • Expanding political power

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

A world economy
Later on merchants from the Republic, France and England joined Spain and Portugal.

  • searched for new trade routes
  • cartography
  • became rich and powerful trading nations

Traded in spices, gold, silver and slaves.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

From trading post to empire
In America the Europeans built plantations and colonized the interior.

In Asia and Africa the Europeans built mainly trading posts on the coasts.

From 1870-1914 European countries expanded their regions to establish a colonial empire, this period is called modern imperialism.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Causes of modern imperialism:
  • Economic motives
-- Raw materials (oil, rubber and cotton).
-- New markets to sell products.
  • Technological lead
-- Better weapons (Maxim machine gun)
-- Telegraph (longdistance communication)
-- Railroads and fast steamers (Suez  canal) .
  • Power and status
-- Conquest of colonies helped gain respect.
  • Civilisation and development
-- Spread of Christianity
-- Superiority thinking led to civilisation offensive. Educate and develop other peoples. Schools, railroads, legal system , abolitionism.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

British India
Around 1600, English East India Company established trading posts in India.

Company performed administrative and military duties (own army!).

1857 Major rebellion started by sepoys against the East India Company.
Rebellion was brutally crushed by the English.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

British India
1858 British government took over regions from East India Company and turned them into a colony.

British army continued to
expand the colony.

1877 Queen Victoria became
 empress of British India.
Consisted of present-day India, Pakistan, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

British India
British India in numbers
  • 1,000 British civil servants
  • 40,000 British soldiers
  • 250,000,000 people
English made use of native rulers and local administrators.

Trade remained important. English bought raw materials (cotton, jute, tea and indigo) and sold cotton fabrics. Enforced favourable trading conditions.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Get to work
What? See whiteboard.
How? Alone 
Help? Ask neighbour. Can't figure it out? Ask teacher. 
Time? Until the end of the lesson. 
Done? Learn terms and dates. Ask teacher. 

Slide 12 - Tekstslide