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Slide 1: Woordweb
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 2

In deze les zitten 20 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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Slide 1 - Woordweb

Lesson objectives
Understand the Renaissance idea of Humanism 
Recognize Petrarch and Erasmus as Renaissance Humanists

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Renaissance humanism.
  • Starting in the fourteenth century, the Renaissance revived ancient Greek and Roman ideas.
  • A humanist was a person who believed in education and especially classical learning. 
  • Like many people in the Renaissance, they were inspired by the writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans. They started looking at the earliest Bible texts they could find and re-translated these as accurately as they could.
  • These showed many translation mistakes and extra rules added by the Catholic Church.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

- Looked at ancient bible texts
- Discovered a lot of errors in translations
- Argued for change within the Church

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Petrarch: father of Humanism

  • One of the Renaissance humanists was an Italian named Petrarch (1304-1374)
  • He wrote in the vernacular, or everyday language of the people. In the past, most writing had been done in formal Latin.
  • Petrarch had one of the biggest collections of Greek and Roman texts in Europe at that time. 

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

What was Renaissance Humanism?
People started treating animals more humanely
A philosophy of putting the human experience central
A religion in where humans were gods
A subgroup of artists who only drew humans

Slide 6 - Quizvraag

What is the difference between Petrach’s beliefs about the relationship between God and men and how people thought
about this in medieval times?

Slide 7 - Open vraag

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Read the following facts about renaissance humanism and Petrach. Think whether they are a change or continuity, when compared to medieval times.
Petrach believed that people should worship God by using the gifts he has given them.
The Catholic Church was incredibly important in people’s lives.
People were educated enough to find mistakes made in the
Bible by the Catholic Church.

Slide 9 - Sleepvraag

Erasmus: criticizing the excesses of the Church

  • In the 16th century, many humanists in the Church spent a lot of time translating biblical texts and early Christian texts. They were trying to get a better understanding of what these texts were about and what they meant. 
  • One of the people doing so was Desiderius Erasmus

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Erasmus believed in a simpler, more personal relationship between people and God, and criticized excesses in the Church. 
  1. He wanted the Church to stop pardoning people’s sins, because in his opinion only God could do this.  
  2. He wanted the Church to stop teaching people to believe in saints and relics, and to stop telling them to go on pilgrimages.
  3. He wanted the Church to translate the Bible into a vernacular, instead of keeping it in Latin. This means: translating it into different native languages so people could read the Bible themselves.

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Questioning the Church

  • Erasmus criticized the church publicly. How did the Church react, and what consequences did this have? 
  • The Church offered him a place as a bishop, trying to keep him quiet. 
  • Erasmus however did not take this position and continued to call for reform within the Church. He did not wish to break away from it. 
  • His ideas, however, did prepare the way for the Reformation.  “Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched.”

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Name two points in which Erasmus criticizes the Catholic Church.
Belief in relics and Jezus
Belief in relics and translating the bible
Pardoning people's sins and going to church
Pardoning people's sins & belief in relics

Slide 13 - Quizvraag

Look at the source. Explain why this source can be used to demonstrate Erasmus’ criticism of the Catholic Church.

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Look at the source. Explain why this source can be used to demonstrate Erasmus’ criticism of the Catholic Church.

Slide 15 - Open vraag

What doesn't match humanism
Taking for granted everything the pope says.
Studying ancient texts
Criticism of the Church

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

What doesn't match humanism
Life after death is most important
Studying ancient texts
Criticism of the Church

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

How was Humanism different from the way most people thought before the Renaissance?

Slide 18 - Open vraag


Humanism is a human-centred set of ideas in which people believe in the classical values of education and research. 
Christian humanists started having a closer look at old Bible texts, and found issues with the behaviour of the Catholic Church. 
Men like Petrarch and Erasmus  would criticise the Church greatly, but always called for internal reform.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

What questions do you still have? What would you like to learn more about?

Slide 20 - Open vraag