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Chapter 2: Rich and poor in the world

Chapter 2: Rich and poor in the world

Section 1: General section about differences in development
Section 2: How to measure economic development?
Section 3: How to measure human development?



Section 4:
 Causes
Section 5: Consequences
Section 6: Development and happiness
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 14 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

Onderdelen in deze les

Chapter 2: Rich and poor in the world

Section 1: General section about differences in development
Section 2: How to measure economic development?
Section 3: How to measure human development?



Section 4:
 Causes
Section 5: Consequences
Section 6: Development and happiness

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Section 1: Differences in development

Learning goals:
- Describe where we find the richest countries and the poorest countriest in the world
- Explain how development can differ within countries and cities
Important!
LEDC = less economical developed country

NIC = Newly Industrialising countries

MEDC = more economical developed country


Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Differences between the development is not only measurable (we learn different types of data in section 2 and 3) but you can also recognise it in pictures.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Find online a picture of a MEDC

Slide 4 - Open vraag

Find online a picture of a LEDC

Slide 5 - Open vraag

There aren't only differences between countries but also within countries; we call these differences regional disparities.

Rural areas in LEDC's are normally poorer than urban areas. Therefore people move from the rural areas to cities, this is called rural-urban migration.
This rural-urban migration causes the growth of slums.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Explain why rural-urban migration causes slums to grow.

Slide 7 - Open vraag

Why do people migrate from the rural to urban areas?

Slide 8 - Open vraag

Section 2: Measuring economic development

The most important economic indicator to measure development is GDP (Gross Domestic Product) = the total value of all products and services produced by a country.
If you divide the GDP by the number of inhabitants you have the GDP per capita.

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Video

Section 3: Measuring human development
 

Section 2 explained different ways of measuring economic development. This section focusses on human development.

Main question: how can you explain that living conditions in a MEDC are better then in a LEDC?

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

You make a list with the basic necessities:
- Clothing;
- Sanitation;
- Education;
- Shelter;
- Healthcare;
- Food


Write behind the basic necessity the indicator that we use to measure this necessity.


Slide 13 - Tekstslide

The indicators of the basic necessities
- Clothing; none
- Sanitation; percentage of houses with running water and a sewage.
- Education; literacy rate
- Shelter; percentage of houses with running water and a sewage.
- Healthcare; life expectancy, infant mortality rate, physician density
- Food: amount of energy per day expressed in KJ

Slide 14 - Tekstslide