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Conditionals 1

Conditionals
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

In deze les zitten 16 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 2 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 30 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Conditionals

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Conditionals = if-zinnen
A conditional sentence exists of 2 parts: 
If it rains tomorrow, I will stay at home

  • the condition (voorwaarde/actie): If it rains tomorrow
  • the result (resultaat/gevolg): I will stay at home.

There are 4 different ways to construct conditional sentences in English. We will look at all of them.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Zero conditional (100% waar):
This form is used for: 
- facts /  real (factual) situations in the present
- commands / the imperative form

How to make:  use a present simple in both parts

If water freezes, it becomes ice.
If you want to be better at English, pay attention (imperative)

In this conditional, you can replace the word 'if' with 'when' without changing the meaning.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

 First conditional (erg waarschijnlijk, bijna 100% waar)
The type 1 conditional is used to refer to:
- the present or future where a situation is real
- a possible condition and its likely result

How to make: use a present simple in the if-clause
and the future simple in the main clause.

Future simple: will +  infinitive (full verb)

If you are late, she will be very angry.

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Second conditional (onwaarschijnlijk, maar niet onmogelijk) 
The type 2 conditional is used to refer to:
- a hypothetical condition and its probable result (aka: 
its unlikely to happen, but not impossible)

How to make: use a past simple in the if-clause
and would + infinitive in the main clause.
If I learned to play the guitar, I would be  rock star.
If I were famous, I would post on Instagram every day!

In the if-clause, were is often used instead of was

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Third conditional (onwaar, niet meer te veranderen)
The type 3 conditional is used to refer to:
- a time in the past and a situation that is the opposite
of the present.
- an unreal past condition and its probable result  

How to make: use a past perfect in the if-clause
and would/could/should have + past participle in 
the main clause
If you had studied harder, you would have passed the exam.
(but you didnt study hard, so you failed)

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Extra exercise: fill in the right tense
  1. If you give him a hand he …( thank)  you. 
  2. If I … (be) you, I would call home. 
  3. If he … (find) out the truth sooner, he would have reported you to the police himself. 
  4. If she lived in Amsterdam she … (go) to the Albert Cuyp every week. 
  5. If you mix blue and yellow you … (get) green. 
  6. If they take the 8 o’clock train in Amersfoort they … (arrive) in time for the meeting. 
  7. If she had not forgotten her purse she … ( buy) a new winter coat. 
  8. If you … (heat) up water to 100 degrees Celsius it …(boil). 
  9. If he won the lottery, he … (move) to a tropical island. 
  10. If the boys behave better, their parents … (allow) them to stay home alone. 

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Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Answers
  1. If you give him a hand he will thank…( thank)  you. 
  2. If I were… (be) you, I would call home. 
  3. If he had found… (find) out the truth sooner, he would have reported you to the police himself. 
  4. If she lived in Amsterdam she would go… (go) to the Albert Cuyp every week. 
  5. If you mix blue and yellow you …get (get) green. 
  6. If they take the 8 o’clock train in Amersfoort they …will arrive (arrive) in time for the meeting. 
  7. If she had not forgotten her purse she would have bought… ( buy) a new winter coat. 
  8. If you heat up water to 100 degrees Celsius it …boils(boil). 
  9. If he won the lottery, he …would move (move) to a tropical island. 
  10. If the boys behave better, their parents …will allow (allow) them to stay home alone. 

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

If + past simple, … would + infinitive is used when
A
something is always true
B
something becomes true when the condition is met
C
something is not true in the present
D
something was not true in the past

Slide 11 - Quizvraag

If + present simple, … present simple is used when
A
something is always true
B
something becomes true when the condition is met
C
something is not true in the present
D
something is not true in the past

Slide 12 - Quizvraag

If + past perfect, … would have + past participle
A
something is always true
B
something becomes true when the condition is met
C
something is not true in the present
D
something is not true in the past

Slide 13 - Quizvraag

If + present simple, … will + infinitive is used when
A
something is always true
B
something becomes true when the condition is met
C
something is not true in the present
D
something is not true in the past

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Slide 15 - Video

Slide 16 - Video