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4.5 Christianity and the end of the Roman Empire

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Slide 1: Sleepvraag
HistoryMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 33 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

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Drag the names (A - F) and the pictures (G - L) to the correct building
amphitheatre
hippodrome
fortress
triumphal arch
theatre
aquaduct
G
H
I
J
K
L

Slide 1 - Sleepvraag

The Time of Greeks and Romans
4.5 Christianity and the end of the Roman Empire

Slide 2 - Tekstslide


Slide 3 - Poll

Around 100 AD the Roman Empire had reached its largest size.
Jesus was born in 1 AD in the province Judea (today Israel)

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Jesus had followers like Petrus, Paulus, Judas, Lucas and Marcus. These are also known as the apostles. After Jesus' 
death the apostles spread Jesus' teachings across the empire.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Jerusalem in the time of Jesus. 
In 70 AD this temple was destroyed by the Romans after a failed Jewish uprising. Today, only the Wailing Wall remains.

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Jesus was arrested for rebellion against Roman rule.
He was sentenced to death by crucifixion by the Roman governor of Judea: Pontius Pilatus.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Jesus was crucified in 33 AD, together with two criminals

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

The crucifix became the main symbol of the new religion: Christianity

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Probably, jesus was crucified by putting nails in his wrists rather than through the palms of his hands.

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Very gradually, more and more people in the Roman Empire became Christians

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Emperor Nero, who ruled from 54 till 68 AD, is known for burning Rome and persecuting the Christians

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Several Roman writers claim that  Nero sang the "Sack of Ilium (Troy)" in stage costume while the city burned. But historians today believe this did not really happen.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Rumor had it that Nero started the fire himself. Therefore, to blame someone else, he accused the already unpopular Christians for starting the fire. He had them arrested and killed in the arena.

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

With Nero, the time of the "persecution of the Christians" began. This would last for more than 2 centuries, in which being a Christian was punishable by death. Despite of this, Christianity did not disappear.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

In 285 AD, Emperor Diocletian decided that the Roman Empire was too big to manage. He divided the Empire into two parts, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire. Over the next hundred years or so, Rome would be reunited, split into three parts, and split in two again. Finally, in 395 AD, the empire was split into two for good. The Western Empire was ruled by Rome, the Eastern Empire was ruled by Constantinople.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Emperor Constantine would become the first Christian emperor. This ended the persecution and caused Christianity to spread further very quickly.

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

The night before an important battle Constantine had a dream. In the dream his was told that he would win the battle if he fought under the sign of the Christian cross.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Some accounts say that Constantine saw the Greek letters Chi and Rho in his dream and not the cross. Chi and Rho represented the spelling of Christ in Greek.

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

The next day he had his soldiers paint the Christian symbol of Chi Rho on their shields.
And guess what? His army won the battle.

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

n 330 AD Constantine established a new capital of the Roman Empire. He built it on the location of the ancient city of Byzantium. The city was named Constantinople after Emperor Constantine. Constantinople would later become capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, also called the Byzantine Empire.

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

In the 4th and 5th centuries, Germanic tribes, like the Goths, Vandals and Franks invaded the Roman empire.
The Romans called these Germans "barbarians".

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

Especially the Western Roman empire was attacked, conquered and plundered by different Germanic tribes.

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

In 410 AD the Visigoths attacked and plundered the city of Rome. In 455 the Vandals did the same and plundered the city for two weeks.

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

Slide 28 - Tekstslide

Slide 29 - Tekstslide

In 476 AD, a Germanic barbarian by the name of Odoacer took control of Rome. He became king of Italy and forced the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustulus, to give up his crown. Many historians consider this to be the end of the Western Roman Empire.

Slide 30 - Tekstslide

The Eastern Roman empire continued under the name Byzantine Empire for another 1000 years.
The Western Roman empire was gone. Germanic tribes had created their own kingdoms here. 
Rome had always provided a strong government, education, and culture. Now much of Europe fell into barbarianism. The next 500 years would be known as the Early Middle Ages, or Dark Ages of Europe.

Slide 31 - Tekstslide

congratulations

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

hippodrome
amphitheatre
aquaduct
imperial palace
temple

Slide 33 - Sleepvraag