literature: Old English period

the Old English Period
about 500-1066
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 26 slides, met tekstslides en 11 videos.

Onderdelen in deze les

the Old English Period
about 500-1066

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

  • (500 AD) foundation of the English nation and language as we know it.
  • (410 AD) Roman troops withdrew to the Continent
  • (793) Vikings destroyed the monastery at Lindisfarne
  • (871) Alfred the Great defeated the Danish

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Slide 3 - Video

Slide 4 - Video

Slide 5 - Video

  • people were illiterate. Only monks could read and write
  • alliterations and regular rythm used for mnemonic reasons
  • kenning
  • variation

Slide 6 - Tekstslide


two or more words within the same line begin with the same letter.

Meotodes meahte and his modgepanc

the Measurer's might and his mind-plans

Slide 7 - Tekstslide


a figurative name for a thing, usually expressed in a compound noun.

swan-road = sea

Slide 8 - Tekstslide


the repeating of a single idea in different words, with each repetition adding a new level of meaning.

heaven-kingdom's Guardian    holy Creator

the measurer                                   mankind's Guardian

Glory-father                                     Master almighty

eternal Lord

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

  • epic poems: narrative poems on great subjects like kings and heroes, fighting, glory and honour
  • didactic poems: meant to teach the reader about religious matters or about the way to behave
  • historical chronicles: about wars and battles, and kings

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Caedmon- Hymn of Creation

late 7th century (Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum)

illiterate Northumbrian cowherd

a dream

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Slide 12 - Video

4 surviving manuscripts
  • The Beowulf Manuscript
  • the Exeter Book
  • the Junius Manuscript
  • Vercelli Book

There are also a few historical poems in the Anglo-Saxon chronicle

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Exeter Book: riddles

In the Exeter Book there are some riddles or enigmata. They use double-entendre, whereby one answer is suggested but another is meant.

A curiosity hangs by the thigh of a man, under its master's cloak.

It is pierced through in the front; it is stiff and hard and it has a good standing-place.

When the man pulls up his own robe above the knee, he means to poke the head of his hanging thing that familiar hole of matching length which he has often filled before.

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

religious verse
  • the Dream of the Rood &  The Wanderer
  • the cross (personification)

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

the Dream of the Rood
As this is quite a long poem (too long to copy to LessonUp) we read this poem from the reader. Answer the questions.

Then listen to the explanation of the poem (next slide)

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Slide 17 - Video

Slide 18 - Video

Slide 19 - Video

the Wanderer
  • comitatus tradition (relationship lord and followers )
  • honour
  • christianity
  • elegy: poem that laments the loss of worldly goods, glory, or human companionship
now read the poem in the reader and answer the questions

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Slide 21 - Video

  • Swedish prince
  • Grendel
  • Hrotgar's court (Denmark)
  • ancient treasure guarded by dragon
  • epic of Germanic hero
  • religious

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Read the fragment in the reader and answer the questions

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Slide 24 - Video

Slide 25 - Video

Slide 26 - Video