The Early Middle Ages Orientation and 5.1

The Early Middle Ages 
The age of monks and knights 
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 16 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

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The Early Middle Ages 
The age of monks and knights 

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Do you remember...
Why did the Western Roman Empire fall?

Slide 2 - Open vraag

The fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • The Western Roman Empire "falls" when the last emperor abdicates in 476 AD. 

  • All throughout the empire, different Germanic tribes had set up their own kingdoms. 

  • The consequences of the fall of the Western Roman Empire were so great, that Western historians have decided to start a new period: The Middle Ages

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

What do you know of the Middle Ages?

Slide 4 - Woordweb

The Middle Ages (500-1500)
The Middle Ages can be split up into three periods:
  1. The Early Middle Ages (500 - 1000 AD)
  2. The High Middle Ages (1000 - 1250 AD)
  3. The Late Middle Ages (1250 - 1500 AD)

In this chapter, the Early Middle Ages are discussed, also known as The age of monks and knights

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

  1. The Frankish Empire
  2. The rise of a new religion: Islam
  3. The spread of Christianity
  4. The Feudal System: how was the Frankish kingdom governed?
  5. The Manorial System: how did the people in the Frankish kingdom live?

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

5.1: Lords and vassals, Franks and Frisians
Who is this man?
Charlemagne (Karel de Grote)

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

  • The student knows when the Middle Ages were and how it is divided into three periods
  • The student can explain what two consequences were of the fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • The student can describe elements of Frankish culture (Warrior culture / Relationship between lords & vassals)
  • The student can explain who Charlemagne was and why he was so important

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Move the boxes to the correct time period. 
Before the fall of the W.R.E
After the fall of he W.R.E
Run centrally from Rome
One professional army
Several local rulers
Using money
Cities became villages
Villages became cities

Slide 9 - Sleepvraag

Western Roman Empire
After the fall
Run centrally from Rome
Several local rulers
A professional army secured its protection
Cities disappeared or became villages
Local government in the hands of city officials
Bartering replaced money
Consequences of the fall of the W.R.E.
Main consequences:
More wars → the new local rulers wanted to conquer more territory in Europe. So it became less safe for people in Europe
Agricultural society→ Cities were a target for plundering so people moved away. Because of the dangers on the road merchants didn’t want to travel anymore. Roads + bridges had been destroyed → to make sure they had food people used agriculture to produce food again.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

The Frankish Kingdom
  • Clovis Childeric united the Franks under his rule and throughout the E.M.A. the Frankish Empire became the most powerful empire of Western Europe.
  • Warrior culture
  • Using the Christian faith
  • System between lords and vassals

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Do question 1, 2 and 3 of paragraph 5.1

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Lords & Vassals
A system with mutual benefits
  • The lord gave his vassals protection, shelter, income and gifts. 
  • The vassals gave their lords respect, fought for him and gave advice when needed. 

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

The Frankish Empire was at its largest during the rule of Charlemagne (r. 768 - 814). 

Watch the video and answer the following question: "What did Charlemagne accomplish during his life?" 

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

"What did Charlemagne accomplish during his life?"
  • Conquers more territory /defeats different Germanic tribes (Saxons, Pyrenees, Longobarden)
  • Conquers the Saxon territory and makes the Saxons convert to Christianity
  • Creates the feudal system to govern his empire
  • Helps the pope and as a result he is crowned emperor by the pope
  • Stimulates education and scholarship by creating schools
  • Introduces a new currency 

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

800 AD: Charlemagne coronated as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope, leader of the church

Slide 16 - Tekstslide