Middle Ages: Politics & governance

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 25 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 1 video.

time-iconLesduur is: 40 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Early Middle Ages

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Troubled times in Europe

  • There were many wars after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • Traveling was dangerous so most people lived in (small) villages, trading over long distance stopped.
  • Big cities, like Rome, were not there (anymore)

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Charlemagne / Charles the Great
King of the Frankish Empire

Such a big empire ... that was difficult to manage!

But why actually?

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Huge distances in the realm (difficult to defend)
Bad roads and bridges
Bad communication (all by horse and letter)
No money (only trading goods)

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Solutions of Charlemagne:
1. Karel and his court moved from castle to castle (sleepovers!)
2. Feodalism

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

A feudal lord divides his kingdom into pieces. He has each piece steered by a vassal. The vassal may do whatever he wants on the piece of land (a loan), but he must:
1. swear allegiance to the king
2. govern and administer justice
3. pay tax every year
4. help in the wars of the king

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

feodal lord:

The loan (the land) that the vassal gets 'on loan'.
The Four Duties of a Loaner:
1.He had to swear allegiance to the king;
2.He had to administer his territory and administer justice there;
3.He had to pay taxes to the king annually;
4.When there was war in the Empire, he had to fight with his own soldiers in the king's army.
The vassal swears allegiance to his feudal lord, Charlemagne.

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

The Frankish Empire falls apart:
  • After the death of Charlemagne and his son Louis, the empire was increasingly divided and divided and divided ...
  • The nobles who ruled these areas sometimes "forgot" that they still had this area officially on loan from their feudal lord!

Slide 13 - Tekstslide


Slide 14 - Tekstslide

What is a disadvantage of the feudal system?
The borrowed land was seen as property by the lender
The king had too little land to lend
There were too few vassals
After Charlemagne, the loan system disappeared

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

What is a good example
of the feudal system?
The king rules his country all by himself.
The king has ministers who advise him on the governance of his country.
The king has nothing to say about the government of his country.
The king has divided his land into twenty parts. Each piece is controlled by a friend of his.

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

What duty does a vassal have?
He should do whatever he likes in his area.
He has to get up early every morning.
He must pledge allegiance to his liege lord.
He must lend parts of his territory to subcontractors.

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

This image from the thirteenth century promises
a feudal loyalty to Charlemagne.

Is this statement right or wrong?
The man on the far left of the picture
is Charlemagne

Slide 18 - Quizvraag

Late Middle Ages

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Slide 20 - Video

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Slide 25 - Tekstslide