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Fascism and National Socialism

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
HistoryLower Secondary Education (GCSE)

In deze les zitten 24 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 2 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 45 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Welcome!
Camera on (no camera = absent)
Microphone off
Question? Raise your hand. Or use the chat.
You have a place where you can work concentrated.

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

The planning
Instruction about: 
  1. fascism  
  2. national socialism

Time to ask questions, work on the table and/or exercises.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

2

Slide 3 - Video

00:35
Why were the Italians angry?
A
Bad economy, WWI, weak democracy
B
Weak democracy
C
The end of the WWI
D
The bad economy

Slide 4 - Quizvraag

01:09
Mussolini was also called...
Il Dolce
The leader
Great leader
Dulce

Slide 5 - Poll

Fascism
  • In 1922, Mussolini became the dictator of Italy.

  • His set of ideas (ideology) is known as fascism.

  • Today the term "fascist" is commonly used to for people who are racist and anti-democratic

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

The symbol of Fascism
Fascism is named after the fasces, which is an old Roman name for a group of sticks tied together. It is easy to break one stick in half. It is very hard to break many sticks tied together in half. Fascists think that everyone rigidly following the same leader and nationalist ideas makes the country strong the same way as the sticks.

the color black is associated with fascism

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Characteristics of Fascism (1)
  • Fascism is against everything: especially things that are strange and other cultures

  • Fascism is anti-democratic: the people do not need a voice in government

  • There is one leader. He decides what is good for the nation and the people

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Characteristics of Fascism (2)
  • Fascism is nationalistic: its own state is above all

  • Fascism is based on inequality between people: the highly-developed must lead the low-developed. (The right of the strongest: Social Darwinism)
  • That is why fascism is anti-communist (which is based on equality)


Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Characteristics of Fascism (3)
  • Do not think, just do! Feeling is more important than thinking.

  • Violence is good: not words but deeds

  • The woman is subordinate: her job is to have children.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

National Socialism 
The rise of Hitler

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

National Socialism

Slide 12 - Woordweb

Find me a picture of Hitler
during WW1

Slide 13 - Open vraag

 National-Socialism
National Socialism refers to German fascism in the period 1933-1945

Also called: Nazism

The supporters are called Nazis

The Dutch party "NSB" was also national-socialist

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

The symbol of 
National-Socialism
The Nazis developed powerful symbols for their party to make members feel united. They created their own salute and a red and white flag, with a swastika representing victory, on it. Hitler even thought about his moustache and haircut, so he was easily recognisable for voters.

the color brown is associated with nazism

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Characteristics of National-Socialism


National-Socialism is very similar to Fascism, but has some additional characteristics:

  • The German race must be kept pure.
  • Race doctrine and anti-Semitism
  • The German people need Lebensraum (= living space).
  • Heim ins Reich: all Germans have to live in one big German empire

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Up next
How did Hitler rise to power?

A short movie followed by some questions

Tip; make some notes.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Video

Who was blamed for WW1 in the Treaty of Versailles?
A
France
B
England
C
Germany
D
Austria-Hungary

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

Who did Hitler blame for Germany losing WW1?

Slide 20 - Open vraag

What do you call a 'theory' that is born from fear, anger and bigotry - and not fact?

Slide 21 - Open vraag

Which ideology did the nazis hate the most?
A
Fascism
B
National socialism
C
Capitalism
D
Communism

Slide 22 - Quizvraag

In what year did Hitler gain all power?
A
1931
B
1933
C
1932
D
1930

Slide 23 - Quizvraag

The end
Ask questions if needed.
Work on:
  1. -isms table
  2. exercises

The lessonup link will be shared in the study planner.

Slide 24 - Tekstslide