In deze les zitten 32 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 3 videos.
Lesduur is: 30 min
Onderdelen in deze les
AGE 3: The Time of monks and knights
4.2 Manorial system and Feudalism
Slide 1 - Tekstslide
What is this lesson about?
In the Early Middle Ages, life was dangerous due to continuous wars. Many people became farmers to survive. But did they really own the land that they farmed?
Slide 2 - Tekstslide
What are the main questions of this lesson?
How did people live in the Middle Ages?
Most people lived in the countryside because of lack of trade. Farmers turned into serfs, who received housing, land and protection from powerful lords, in return for rent and services. This is called the manorial system. People were mostly self-sufficient.
What was feudalism?
Feudalism was a medieval government system, based on the bond between kings and nobles: the king gave land in fief to nobles, in return for their fealty, which was loyalty, military support in times of war and council whenever the king wanted it.
Slide 3 - Tekstslide
What are the main questions of this lesson?
What was the difference between the manorial system and feudalism?
The manorial system was an agreement of protection between farmers and a lord.
Feudalism was a government system, based on the loyalty between nobles and the king.
Slide 4 - Tekstslide
agricultural society: a society whose economy is mainly based on farming.
barter: exchange one thing for another, without using money.
domain: a large farmhouse or fortified building where the lord lived.
feudalism: medieval government system based on the bond between the king and nobles.
fief: the land which a lord lent to a vassal.
knight: a vassal without fief who was a military specialist.
manor: a large piece of land owned by a lord.
manorial system: system in which a lord provided protection to his serfs in return for their services.
nobles: the most important vassals that served under a king.
pledge fealty: to swear loyalty.
self-sufficient: when people are able to produce everything they need themselves.
serf: farmer who depended entirely on his lord. He was not allowed to leave the manor.
Slide 5 - Tekstslide
B. Agricultural society
In the Early Middle Ages:
trade was gone (not safe to travel)
(Roman) cities were deserted
Europe became an agricultural society (= key word)
famers asked protection from powerful lords
the lords asked farmers to work on their land in return
Slide 6 - Tekstslide
C. The manorial system:
a manor is a large piece of land made up of 2 parts:
1: part where the lord lived; the domain ( = castle + farmland)
2: part where the farmers lived: (lord's land + farmhouses)
Slide 7 - Tekstslide
The lord and the farmers made a deal.
It looked like this:
Gives to farmers:
2. housing and land
Gives back to the lord:
1. part of the harvest
2. some free work
Slide 8 - Tekstslide
Slide 9 - Video
The place where the lord lived and from where he ruled the village.
Many times the manor was fortified by walls. Sometimes the manor was built on top of a small hill and surrounded by a palissade.
The manor farm consisted of the manor (= fortified farmhouse / castle) + some land with orchards, farming fields and work places around it.
The mill was where people grounded wheat and grain.
It was owned by the lord.
Serf peasants could use the mill to grind their grain, but of course they had to pay the lord for this. The payment was not money, but a percentage of the produce of the peasant.
The houses the peasants (= farmers) lived in were not as nice as the manor house. They were thatched roofed
The palissade surrounds the manor farm. If the domain is attacked the peasants can find shelter within the walls of the manor farm.
Peasants worked on farm land for the lord in exchange for protection and land.
The church is where holy events took place (weddings, sermons, funerals). The church is also where the sick would be taken care of.
Sometimes the lord used this place to speak justice. He could hand out punishments to criminals.
A Shepard worked with the livestock in the fields. This would help produce food and cloth for the village
the manor's orchard.
This meant that serfs needed to work for the lord two or three days a week. They worked the lord's fields, or built and repaired his palissade.
Slide 10 - Tekstslide
the farmers depended on the Lord
they became serfs (farmers who are not free)
The rules for serfs:
don't leave the manor to live somewhere else
don't marry without the lord's permission
pay extra (taxes) to use the lord's mill
Manors were self-sufficient.
Money was scarce, so people bartered (barter = ruilhandel)
Slide 11 - Tekstslide
Slide 12 - Video
To practise this lesson:
Go to Eduhint, lesson 4.2 and do questions:
Slide 13 - Tekstslide
watch the next video about Feudalism
Feudalism in Dutch =
leenstelsel / feodalisme
Slide 14 - Tekstslide
Slide 15 - Video
E. Feudalism (het leenstelsel)
How did lords own so much land?
it was given to them (as a loan) by the king.
this land was called a "fief".
In return the lord had to pledge fealty to his king:
- be loyal to the king
- give military support (soldiers) to the king
- give council (advise) to the king
Slide 16 - Tekstslide
Who owned all the land?
Slide 17 - Quizvraag
The king gave parts of his land as a loan to his
Slide 18 - Quizvraag
this land was called a
Slide 19 - Quizvraag
The king got 3 things from his vassal in return for land.
Which is NOT one of them?
military support (soldiers)
Slide 20 - Quizvraag
the nobles could keep the land as long as they were loyal
Slide 21 - Quizvraag
When the noble received a fief, he became the king's:
Slide 22 - Quizvraag
Extra: Charlemagne (Karel de Grote)
king of the Franks
he was a Christian (like most Franks)
He fought wars against the Saxons (in Germany)
He spread Christianity in his empire
in 800 AD the pope crowned him EMPEROR
from then on kings and emperors were crowned by the pope.
this makes the pope also very powerful.
Charlemagne founded many schools.
Slide 23 - Tekstslide
The Franks were Christians
Slide 24 - Quizvraag
The Saxons were Christians
Slide 25 - Quizvraag
The Saxons lived in Germany
Slide 26 - Quizvraag
The Saxons were allowed to keep their own gods
Slide 27 - Quizvraag
Saxons who did not want to become Christians were killed
Slide 28 - Quizvraag
the Saxons were defeated by Charlemagne
Slide 29 - Quizvraag
Charlemagne used the Feudal system to rule his empire
Slide 30 - Quizvraag
Charlemagne was very good at reading and writing
Slide 31 - Quizvraag
Charlemagne wanted to spread education and trade in his empire