V4 - Past Perfect

Past Perfect
Grammar §2.4
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 16 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Past Perfect
Grammar §2.4

Slide 1 - Slide

- What is the past perfect?
- When do you use the past perfect?
- When do you use the past simple vs. the past perfect?

Slide 2 - Slide

Past Perfect
Had + past participle

I had slept.
She had been.

Slide 3 - Slide

Past Perfect 1
To show that one action was finished when another began.
  • I apologised because I had left my money at home.
  • I watched TV after I had done my homework

Slide 4 - Slide

Past Perfect 2
To show that at some point in the past, an action or situation had been going on for a while.
  • When I started working at that supermarket, I had worked in a restaurant for two years.
  • They had known each other for six months when they got married.

Slide 5 - Slide


Slide 6 - Slide

Let's practise
Fill the correct form of the verbs into the gaps. Use the past perfect or the past simple.

Slide 7 - Slide

After they ____ (eat) the shellfish, they began to feel sick.

Slide 8 - Open question

When I ____ (arrive) at the cinema, the film ____ (start).

Slide 9 - Open question

The lights went off because we _____ (not pay) the electricity bill.

Slide 10 - Open question

She ____ (watch) a video after the children ____ (go) to bed.

Slide 11 - Open question

They ____ (ride) their bikes before they ____ (meet) their friends.

Slide 12 - Open question

You will be given a situation. Come up with a cause and a consequence of the situation, then make a grammatically correct sentence using the past perfect for each, either individually or with your neighbour.

Example: I had a fight with my sister last month
Cause: I had a fight with my sister last month because she had borrowed my bike and scratched it.
Consequence: I had had a fight with my sister, so I didn't talk to her for three days.

Slide 13 - Slide

I was very tired.

Slide 14 - Mind map

I was completely broke.

Slide 15 - Mind map

Please do ...
Unit 2.4 ex. 16 and 17. 
Time left? Click on the link in Magister

Slide 16 - Slide