Sentence structure - 5H

Writing practice 
1 / 24
Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 5

This lesson contains 24 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 20 min

Items in this lesson

Writing practice 

Slide 1 - Slide

Lesson goals
-Learn about the different sentence structure types and how to recognize and use them in your own work.

-Learn the difference between the independent and dependent clause.

Slide 2 - Slide

You need is sentence structure
It is a way of categorizing sentences by identifying the absence or presence of

  • clauses (independent and dependent)
  • conjunctions
  • subordinators ( ex: using coordinating conjunctions, punctuations and/or subordinating conjuctions).

Slide 3 - Slide

What is a clause?
A clause is a group of words that functions as one part of speech and that includes a subject (onderwerp) and verb(werkwoord).

  1. Independent clause; A sentence that contains a subject and a verb - It can stand alone
Example: He will succeed. 
2. Dependent clause; Contains a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand alone. 
Example: If you work hard
3. Subordinating conjunctions; Conjunctions are used to link dependent clauses to independent clauses. 
Example: If you work hard, you will succeed. 

Slide 4 - Slide

Types of sentence structure
From this perspective, the English sentence has four major building blocks:

1. Simple Sentence Structure:  
one independent clause.
2. Compound Sentence Structure: 
two independent clauses  connected by a coordinating conjunction (aka FANBOYS).
3. Complex Sentence Structure: 
one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
4. Compound-Complex Sentence Structure:
  two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

Slide 5 - Slide

Slide 6 - Video

Which one is a compound sentence?
While I was cooking he was still playing games on the computer.
I'll have a week in Rome, or I'll go to Paris for three days
Although I miss him so much, I cannot go to him because I do not have money.

Slide 7 - Quiz

Which one is a complex sentence structure?
Whenever it rains, I like to wear my blue coat
I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station.
They spoke to him in English, but she responded in Spanish.

Slide 8 - Quiz

Which one is a compound-complex sentence?
Do you know the man who is talking to Mary?
Elissa was very sick today and we will take her to the hospital now, before she gets worse.
Although I worked hard, I got a very low grade from the exam and stayed in the classroom.

Slide 9 - Quiz

Which one is a complex sentence structure?
Don’t leave the restaurant until the dishes here are washed.
He left in a hurry after he got a phone call.
Elissa was very sick today and we will take her to the hospital now, before she gets worse.

Slide 10 - Quiz

Which one is a compound- complex sentence structure?
If the ozone layer collapses, the global community will suffer.
She goes to the beach, and she takes her cat.
Mary and Samantha took the bus.

Slide 11 - Quiz

Check your own work
How many different types of clauses can you spot in your essay? Is there enough variation?

Are there some sentences that you could turn into a compound or complex sentence?

Slide 12 - Slide

Write 3 compound sentences and 3 complex sentences about the topic of your essay. 

Make sure the sentences are different, so not three versions of the same sentence with only 1 word changed. 

Slide 13 - Slide

Hand in a picture of the sentences from the previous assignment.

Slide 14 - Open question


Slide 15 - Slide

Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Slide

Slide 18 - Slide

Slide 19 - Slide

Slide 20 - Slide

Check your own work
How many different conjunctions/linking words/signal words have you used?

Is there enough variation?

Could you connect some more sentences in your essay with these words?

Slide 21 - Slide

Pick 3 words from each of the conjunction lists on the slides before. 

For each word, write a sentence that uses that word and fits the topic of your essay. (In other words you could literally use the sentences you create in your essay).

Slide 22 - Slide

Hand in a picture of the sentences you created during the previous assignment.

Slide 23 - Open question

Improve your essay. 
Make sure the lay-out is correct.

Add more different kinds of sentence structures.

Add a variation of conjunctions. 

Hand in the essay in magister -> Opdrachten -> Second essay assignment. 

Slide 24 - Slide