GP Language and communication - Week 1

Language and communication
Week 1 : The origins and the importance of language(s)
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 29 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 2 videos.

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Language and communication
Week 1 : The origins and the importance of language(s)

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

This term, I expect to learn about ..

Slide 2 - Open vraag

This week ..
.. you will learn about the origins of language
.. you will learn about the importance of language

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

1. The origins of language

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

What do you know
about the origins of

Slide 5 - Woordweb

Different explanations ..
Write down write down 3 things that you find interesting/that surprise you/you would like to know more about 

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Video

Other explanations ..
You now have 10 minutes to search for other explanations

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

What did you write down?

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Different explanations
Chomsky + a lot of archeologists
90000 years ago: language started with 1 individual (Prometheus). From him, it spread to all other people. From them, a lot of different languages developed. 

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Different explanations
Charles Darwin
Language started at 1 point and then developed through a lot of different modifications (evolution)

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Different explanations
A lot of biologists
Language started 40 millions of years ago from gestures (apes) that developed slowly into spoken languages (humans)

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Which explanation do you find the most likely / acceptable / believable ? 
1 individual > rest of the people > differences
1 starting point > mutations > differences
gestures (apes) > slow evolution > spoken languages

Slide 13 - Poll

Option 3
40 million years ago: apes could make "grasp" gestures > same brain area as language in the human brain. 

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Option 3
Apes in the wild make gestures that are "language like"

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Option 3
But, then, around 7 million years ago: "bipedalism" > free hands > possibility of combining gestures > "mime" and 
using sounds

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Option 3

Around 2 million years ago: fully bipedal > development + use of "tools" with both hands > simplified gestures and further development of speech

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Option 3
90000 years ago: people spread over the world and adapted their language to the geography, culture and religion > different languages.

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Option 3
Nowadays: many different languages
Reading & writing gives language a memory
(Re)new(ed) development of signs and symbols

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Slide 20 - Video

Do animals have language(s)?

Slide 21 - Woordweb

Research time!
Search for examples of animal communication. Try to find as many examples as possible!

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Slide 23 - Tekstslide

Animals :  geniuses?

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

The Waggle dance is used when the food source occurs further than 150m away from the hive, and describes both distance and direction. The length of each 'waggle' directly correlates to the distance of the food source, with longer waggles describing longer distances. The direction of the food source is shown by the orientation of the bee during this dance. The angle of the target flowers relative to the position of the sun at that current time is demonstrated by the relative to vertical angle the bee performs the dance at. 

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

After seeing this, do you think we can say that animals have language(s)?

Slide 26 - Poll

The answer is.. no..

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

What are the differences between animal communication and "real" languages?

Slide 28 - Woordweb

A "real" language..
Discrete infinity: 
Discrete/limited items (for example the alphabet) 

Different words 

Infinite number of sentences 

a. time (past, present, future)
b. space (other countries, space)
> abstract things!!

Which difference with apes?
Which difference with bees?

Joint attention:
Team work: read each others minds
Language is cooperative

Which difference with animals?

Slide 29 - Tekstslide