Chapter 1: The world of geography

Physical Geography

Studies the natural features and processes on the Earth's surface and inside the Earth.
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 27 slides, met interactieve quizzen, tekstslides en 8 videos.

time-iconLesduur is: 120 min

Onderdelen in deze les

Physical Geography

Studies the natural features and processes on the Earth's surface and inside the Earth.

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Slide 2 - Video

Section 2: 
Geographical maps

Learning goals:
1. Describe the function of maps; 
2. Describe different types of maps;
3. Explain the function of the title,  legend, north arrow and the scale of maps;
4. Different types of map projections.

Maps have been used for navigation for centuries. Voyages of discovery made it possible to draw the map of the world we now today.

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Every map contains four features:
  1. Title: telling you what the map is about;
  2. North arrow or compass rose: showing directions;
  3. Legend: Explains the colours, symbols or letters used on a map;
  4. Scale: Informs you about the size of the area on the map

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Slide 5 - Video

Types of maps
Simplified maps give a summary of a large area

1. Political map showing shape and size of countries;
2. Physical map showing physical features.

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Name the differences between a political and a physical map.

Slide 7 - Open vraag

Types of maps
Informative maps
1. Thematic map: focusses on a specific theme or topic e.g. precipitation or population.
2. Topographic map: gives detailed information about a small area

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Find online an example of a physical world map

Slide 9 - Open vraag

Find online an example of a thematic map about the Netherlands

Slide 10 - Open vraag

Slide 11 - Video

Slide 12 - Link

Section 3:
Global positioning
Learning goals:
1. Find a location on a map, using coordinates;
2. The difference between longitude and latitude; 
3. Explain the difference between the absolute distance and the relative distance;
4. The basics of the GPS. 

We use coordinates to determine a location on Earth.

For navigation we use imaginary vertical lines (called meridians) drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and imaginary horizontal lines (called parellels). 

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Using meridians we can determine longitude. From the prime meridian (that runs through Greenwich near London) we have 180 degrees longitude east (E) en 180 degrees longitude west (W).

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

With parellels you can determine the latitude of a place. 
The equator divides the earth in a Northern and Southern hemisphere.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Slide 16 - Video

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

The Netherlands are located on
Northern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Eastern longitude
Western longitude

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

Slide 20 - Video

Distance en location
Two types of distances:
- Absolute distance; actual distance between two places in a straight line; expressed in kilometres.
- Relative distance; distance expressed in time or effort.

Absolute distance can't change that fast, 
but relative distance can.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Slide 22 - Video

Slide 23 - Video

Section 4:
Working with an atlas

Learning goals
1. Find a map in the atlas using the page guide, table of contents and the index
2. Explain how to use the maps and charts in the atlas

An atlas is a book filled with different types of maps  an atlas contains simplified polical maps, but also very specific thematic ones (even about Starbucks and Ikea).

Slide 24 - Tekstslide

Finding a map in the atlas
There are some useful tools to find a certain map in the atlas.
Copy the names of the tools you can use; explain how they are used, write the Dutch translation behind the explanation and add where you can find them in the atlas:

 table of contents, index, keyword index, bookmark.

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

US world map
European world map

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

Slide 27 - Video