# Bricks 1 chapter 5

Population
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolmavo, havoLeerjaar 1

In deze les zitten 26 slides, met tekstslides.

## Onderdelen in deze les

Population

#### Slide 3 -Tekstslide

Population
Population distribution - the pattern of where people live in an area.

Population density - the number of people per km2.
- densely populated
- sparsely populated

#### Slide 5 -Tekstslide

Population density

3 People per km2 (square kilometer)

Sparsely or densely populated?

#### Slide 6 -Tekstslide

? people per km2 (square kilometer)

Sparsely or densely populated?

#### Slide 7 -Tekstslide

280 people per km2 (square kilometer)

Sparsely or densely populated?

#### Slide 8 -Tekstslide

Calculate population density
What do you need:
- land area (km2)
- population

#### Slide 9 -Tekstslide

Calculate population density
What is the population density of this country?

Surface 500.000km2
population 7.500.000

#### Slide 10 -Tekstslide

Calculate population density
What is the population density of this country?

Surface 500.000km2
population 7.500.000

#### Slide 12 -Tekstslide

5.2 The basics of demography

#### Slide 13 -Tekstslide

What is demography?
Demography is the science of human populations.

#### Slide 14 -Tekstslide

What is demography?
Demography is the science of human populations.
It measures:

• The size and growth of a population
• Births and deaths
• Immigrants and emigrants
• Number of men and women
• Distribution of age
It helps with the choices a government has to make for the future.

#### Slide 15 -Tekstslide

What is demography?
Demography is the science of human populations.
It measures:

• The size and growth of a population
• Births and deaths
• Immigrants and emigrants
• Number of men and women
• Distribution of age
It helps with the choices a government has to make for the future.

#### Slide 16 -Tekstslide

Natural increase
The birth rate is the number of babies born in a year per 1,000 inhabitants. The death rate is the number of deaths in a year per 1,000 inhabitants.

#### Slide 17 -Tekstslide

Natural increase
The birth rate is the number of babies born in a year per 1,000 inhabitants. The death rate is the number of deaths in a year per 1,000 inhabitants.

Birth rate - death rate = natural increase.

#### Slide 18 -Tekstslide

Natural increase
The birth rate is the number of babies born in a year per 1,000 inhabitants. The death rate is the number of deaths in a year per 1,000 inhabitants.

Birth rate - death rate = natural increase.
Example for the Netherlands:
Birth rate  = 10 o/oo.
Death rate = 8 o/oo.
Natural increase = 10 - 8 = 2 o/oo.

#### Slide 19 -Tekstslide

Population growth #1
Natural population growth
Number of births
Number of deaths
Natural increase: The difference between births and
deaths, given as a percentage.

#### Slide 20 -Tekstslide

Social population growth
Growth of the population because there is more immigration than emigration.

#### Slide 21 -Tekstslide

Population growth
1. Natural population growth
2. Social population growth

#### Slide 22 -Tekstslide

Population growth
Natural population growth

#### Slide 23 -Tekstslide

Population diagram

#### Slide 24 -Tekstslide

Population diagrams are often named population pyramids, because of the shape they (used to) have. What name would you choose for the different diagrams?

#### Slide 25 -Tekstslide

Assignment (15 min)
Open a word document

1. Go to the website www.populationpyramid.net and choose ‘country’ and the letter ‘G’, find Gambia and choose the year ‘2021’.  How many people live in Gambia in 2021?
2. And in 2040?
3. What development took place in the population of Gambia? Look at:
- The population size
- The shape of the population diagram

Now do the same for Qatar