4H grammar class week 36

Planning class
  • Lesson aims
  • Warming up: testing your pre-knowledge
  • Grammar explanation
  • Working individually / check
  • Social media profiles

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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

In deze les zitten 34 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les

Planning class
  • Lesson aims
  • Warming up: testing your pre-knowledge
  • Grammar explanation
  • Working individually / check
  • Social media profiles

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Lesson aims
  • At the end of this class I can recognize (US) /recognise (UK) the differences between the past simple and present perfect

  • At the end of this class I can apply these two tenses in sentences 

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

She____(go) to Japan last year but now she____ (come) back.
go / come
went / came
went / has come
has gone / came

Slide 3 - Quizvraag

The police ____ (arrest) two people early this morning.
have arrested
has arrested

Slide 4 - Quizvraag

Dan ____ already ____(buy) two tablets this year.
did bought
have bought
has buyed
has bought

Slide 5 - Quizvraag

____you____ (visit) the CN Tower when you ____ (stay) in Toronto
Did you visit / stay
Did you visit / stayed
Have you visited / stayed
Have you visit / stayed

Slide 6 - Quizvraag

How many games ____your team____ (win) this season?
did won
has won
has win
has winned

Slide 7 - Quizvraag

Do you feel confident enough to tackle these tenses (past simple vs. present perfect?) on your own?
Spend the next 10-15 minutes doing ex. 17 and 18 of Unit 1.
Finished early? Read Teen of the month (+do wb ex. 11/12/15/16)

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Present                    Past                 Present Perfect 
 I do it                       I did it                 I have done it

 >Ik doe het            Ik deed het        Ik heb het gedaan

Can you help finish the following examples?

        Present                                Past Simple                          Present Perfect

>     Ik loop / I walk                  Ik liep / He walked            Zij hebben gelopen / They have walked
>     Ik ben     / I am                  Ik was / He _______            Zij  waren /  They ________
>     Ik praat / I talk                  Ik  praatte/  He_______      Zij hebben gepraat / They __________
>     Ik luister / I listen            Ik luisterde / I ________     Zij  hebben geluistert / They __________

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Past simple
Use We use the past simple for actions that started and ended in the past. Usually there is a very specific time indication in past simple sentences.

  • Last year I travel(l)ed to Japan. 
  • He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00 this morning.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

Examples of affirmative sentences

  • - I worked really hard last year (work)
  • - I was in London last year.  (be) 
  • - We saw this film last night. (see)
  • - They bought the same dress yesterday. (buy)

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Examples of negations
  • - I did not/didn't work hard last year (work)
  • - I was not/wasn't in London last year.  (be)
  • - We did not see/didn't see this film last night. (see)
  • - They did not buy/didn't buy the same dress yesterday.
  •    (buy)

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Examples of interrogative sentences

  • Was I in London last year?  (be)
  • - Did we see this film last night ?(see)
  • - Did they buy the same dress yesterday? (buy)
  • - Did I work  hard last year? (work)

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

In short
Regular (ww+ed) and irregular (change in form s.a. in buy-bought)
 I worked really hard last year (work)
vs. I was in London last year. (be) 

Negations (x) /interrogatives (?): 'did (not) + verb' if there is no form of 'to be'. Otherwise 'was/were (not) + verb'
I did not/didn't work hard last year (work)
vs. I was not/wasn't in London last year. (be)

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Used to / would + verb
Use: Past simple construction used to describe an action (handeling) that frequently/occasionally took place in the past, but not anymore.*

I used to be / would be a lot less confident when I was younger. 
 Luckily, my self-esteem has grown over time.
I didn't use to like brussels sprouts, but now I do (negation).

* In case of a situation/circumstance in the past (rather than an action) we  only use 'used to'  and not 'would'

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Slide 17 - Link

Slide 18 - Link

Present perfect
We’ve played tennis for over three hours and I'm still not tired.

I have studied since 2 o'clock and I need a break.

Be careful! Dad has just painted the door.

We haven't beaten that team yet.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Present perfect
  • - When an action has started in the past and is still ongoing at present (for/since + time indication, how long..)

  • - When an action has just finished but you want to emphasise that it took place for quite some time in the (near) past / the result is still noticeable.
! Pay attention to words s.a. not (yet), already, just !

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

Examples of affirmatives, negations and interrogatives

  • - My father has lived in Rome for two years. (live)
  • - My father has not lived in Rome for two years. (live)
  • - Has my father lived in Rome for two years? (live)

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

Slide 23 - Link

Slide 24 - Link

Working individually / check
Complete ex. 17/18 (7/8 was homework)
Assess your work using the teacher's key (antwoordmodel)

Time left: Let's view some more social media profiles!

Slide 25 - Tekstslide

 Test your knowledge..

Slide 26 - Tekstslide

____ you ____(do) your homework yet? Yes I ____(finish) it an hour ago!
Did you do / finish
Did you do/ finished
Have you done / finished
Have you done / finish

Slide 27 - Quizvraag

I ____(not see) Peter since I ____(arrive) last Tuesday.
did not see / have arrived
have not seen / arrived
did not saw / arrived
have not seed / arrived

Slide 28 - Quizvraag

There____(be) an accident in High Street, so we have to use King Street to get to your school.
has been
have been

Slide 29 - Quizvraag

Frank ____ (get) his bike last May. So he ____ (have) it for 4 months.
getted / had
had got / had
got / has had
got / has have

Slide 30 - Quizvraag

I'm sorry, I ____ (not write) earlier, but I ____ (be) busy recently.
haven't written / have be
didn't write / did be
hasn't written / have been
haven't written / have been

Slide 31 - Quizvraag

Did you get it?  Well done!

Still find it difficult?  Look back at the information and then try the links on the next two slides (dia's!) 

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

Slide 33 - Link

Slide 34 - Link