5TSO Unit 3, Step 3: Adding meaning to your sentence

STEP 3: Adding meaning to your sentence
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsSecundair onderwijs

In deze les zitten 50 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

time-iconLesduur is: 50 min

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STEP 3: Adding meaning to your sentence

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Ex. 1 Look at the paragraph below where several sentences are melted together. Answer the questions.

Slide 2 - Tekstslide


a) Whose, that, who, which have been underlined. What kind of words are these?
A
demonstrative pronouns
B
personal pronouns
C
relative pronouns
D
possessive pronouns

Slide 3 - Quizvraag

Ex. 1


FYI:
  • demonstrative pronouns: e.g. that, those, these,...
  • personal pronouns: e..g, I , you, we,...
  • possessive pronouns: e.g. my, your, his,...

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

Ex. 1

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Ex. 1
c) Highlight the words they refer to (the antecedent).

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

(Deze vraag mag je in het Nederlands beantwoorden.)
Waar moet het antecedent staan t.o.v. het relative pronoun?

Slide 7 - Open vraag

d) What is special about 'whose'? What does it mean? (translation = okay)

Slide 8 - Open vraag

p. 130

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

Ex. 2
Look at the sentences below. Underline the relative pronouns and the relative clauses. Then mark the word(s) that the relative pronouns refer to (=antecedent). Look at the example.

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

p. 130

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Ex. 3 p. 130 What do the pronouns in exercise 2 refer to? Also, indicate whether this is a person and/or a thing --> answer the multiple choice questions next.

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Which relative pronoun(s) is/are used to refer to things and animals?
A
that
B
which, that
C
whose
D
who, that

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Which relative pronoun(s) is/are used to refer to people?
A
that
B
which, that
C
whose
D
who, that

Slide 15 - Quizvraag

Remember?: which relative pronoun expresses a possession (for both people and things)?
A
that
B
which
C
whose
D
who

Slide 16 - Quizvraag

Ex. 3 p. 130

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Ex. 4 p. 130: Do we need the information in the relative clauses to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentences in exercise 2? --> answer the multiple choice questions next.

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 19 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 20 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 21 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 22 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 23 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 24 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 25 - Quizvraag

Do we need the information in the relative clause to understand who or what we are talking about in the sentence?:
A
yes, the information is necessary (important)
B
no, the information is extra (less important)

Slide 26 - Quizvraag

p. 131

Slide 27 - Tekstslide

If the information in the relative clause is important/necessary, the relative clause is a ...
A
defining relative clause
B
non-defining relative clause

Slide 28 - Quizvraag

In a defining relative clause...
A
there are usually commas
B
there are usually no commas

Slide 29 - Quizvraag

If the information in the relative clause is extra/less important, the relative clause is a ...
A
defining relative clause
B
non-defining relative clause

Slide 30 - Quizvraag

In a non-defining relative clause...
A
there are usually commas
B
there are usually no commas

Slide 31 - Quizvraag

p. 132
that = is used in defining clauses, not in non-defining
         = is used in clauses without commas

Slide 32 - Tekstslide

which vs. that
  1. Does the meaning of the sentence change if you delete the clause? --> Use THAT.
  2. If the meaning doesn't change, does the clause give extra info about the subject? --> Use WHICH.

E.g.:
The Grand Canyon is a U.S. National Park that/which is in Arizona. 
(er is maar 1 National Park met de Grand Canyon)
My brother doesn't like sports that/which are played indoors. 
(er zijn meerdere mogelijke indoor sporten)
Noteer dit in je cursus, bv. op p. 132 onderaan

Slide 33 - Tekstslide

p. 132

Slide 34 - Tekstslide

What were the correct answers?
A
which, that, which, whose, who
B
that, which, which, who, whose
C
which, which, that, whose, who
D
which, which, that, who, whose

Slide 35 - Quizvraag

p. 132

Slide 36 - Tekstslide

p. 133

Slide 37 - Tekstslide

Again, what were the correct answers?
A
which, that, that, which, that
B
who, which, which, who, that
C
whose, which, that, who, that
D
whose, which, that, which, that

Slide 38 - Quizvraag

p. 133

Slide 39 - Tekstslide

p. 133

Slide 40 - Tekstslide

What is the correct answer?
A
Solar Impulse 2, which landed in Abu Dhabi, is the first plane powered by the renewable energy source to tour the globe.
B
Solar Impulse 2, that landed in Abu Dhabi, is the first plane powered by the renewable energy source to tour the globe.
C
Solar Impulse 2, who landed in Abu Dhabi, is the first plane powered by the renewable energy source to tour the globe.
D
Solar Impulse 2 which landed in Abu Dhabi is the first plane powered by the renewable energy source to tour the globe.

Slide 41 - Quizvraag

What is the correct answer?

A
The plane, who has a wingspan wider than a Boeing 747, began the circumnavigation in March 2015 in Abu Dhabi.
B
The plane began the circumnavigation in March 2015 in Abu Dhabi which has a wingspan wider than a Boeing 747.
C
The plane, which has a wingspan wider than a Boeing 747, began the circumnavigation in March 2015 in Abu Dhabi.
D
The plane began the circumnavigation in March 2015 in Abu Dhabi who has a wingspan wider than a Boeing 747.

Slide 42 - Quizvraag

What is the correct answer?

A
I am alone in the plane but all the people who have worked on this project are completely devoted and committed to success.
B
I am alone in the plane but all the people whose worked on this project are completely devoted and committed to success.
C
I am alone in the plane but all the people which worked on this project are completely devoted and committed to success.
D
I am alone in the plane but all the people are completely devoted and committed to success that have worked on this project.

Slide 43 - Quizvraag

p. 133

Slide 44 - Tekstslide

p. 134

Slide 45 - Tekstslide

What is the correct answer for sentence 1? (let op komma's!)

Slide 46 - Open vraag

What is the correct answer for sentence 2? (let op komma's!)

Slide 47 - Open vraag

What is the correct answer for sentence 3? (let op komma's!)

Slide 48 - Open vraag

What is the correct answer for sentence 4? (let op komma's!)

Slide 49 - Open vraag

Are there any more questions about relative pronouns / clauses?

Slide 50 - Open vraag