Objective Advanced unit 11

unit 11
Fashion statements
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

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unit 11
Fashion statements

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

1) Do you like to keep up with modern trends?
2) How often do you buy clothes and how do you decide
 what to buy?
3) Do you think people's tastes are influenced by what
they read in magazines or see on screen?
4) Do you read articles on the internet? Which do you
think is better: reading 'real'magazines or their
electronic versions?

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Have a look at exercise 3 before you do exercise 2. 
You should:
  • look for the same or similar word in the article and the missing paragraph.
  • look for a noun in the article and its pronoun in the missing paragraph.
  • look for a problem described in the article and then a solution in the missing paragraph
  • look for a logical development of the 'story'

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

now do exercise 2 and 3
then do exercise 4
choose from: talk you into buying / mean the end of / run a trial / taken further / designed with these people in mind / give them the edge over their competitors / allergic to

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

to suit someone = look good on someone
designer labels = clothes made by famous stylists
to fit someone = to be the right size
a rack = a frame or shelf used to hang clothes
out of fashion = no longer considered stylish
a look = a style or fashion
a changing room = a place in a shop to try on clothes
item of clothing= something you wear
fabric = material
stylish = fashionable

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

discuss the questions in ex 1 and 2. 
Now do ex 3.

What do you think of the company's dress code and the way the manager addresses the staff? 
OA CD1 nr 17

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

reported speech
Direct speech: the literal, exact words someone says “ I am very angry with you”
Indirected or reported speech: when you tell someone what somebody else said. He said he was very angry with me.
What changes:
- Tense
- Pronouns ( I, we, you)
- Pronouns (here → there, this → that, these → those)
- Adverbials of time (yesterday → the day before, tomorrow→ the following/ next day)

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

Direct speech        -->             reported speech
He tells a lie                         She said that he told a lie
Present simple → past simple
He is telling a lie                She said that he was telling a lie
Present continuous → past continuous
He has told a lie                She said that he had told a lie
Present perfect → past perfect

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

He told a lie                            She said that he had told a lie
Past simple → past perfect
He was telling a lie             She said that he had been telling a lie
Past continuous →past perfect continuous
He had told a lie                   She said that he had told a lie
Past perfect → past perfect

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

He will tell a lie                She said that he would tell a lie
Will → would
He can tell a lie               She said that he could tell a lie
Can →could
He should tell a lie         She said that he should tell a lie
Should →should / should have + past participle

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

When something is reported that is a general truth, there is often no tense change.

Teacher: “water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
The teacher said that water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

There are different reporting verbs, which can take the following structures
Accuse + of + -ing
“You stole the bag”
He accused her of stealing the bag
Admit + (to) + -ing / Admit + (that)
“I lost the key”
He admitted that he had lost the key
He admitted (to) losing the key
Apologise + for + -ing
“I am sorry that I am late”
I apologised for being late

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Argue + for + -ing / argue (that)
“ It is unnecessary to change anything”
She argued for not changing anything.
She argued that it was unnecessary to change anything
Claim + (that)
“He is a coward”
Jane claimed that he was a coward.
Deny + (that) / deny + -ing
“ I don’t break any rules”
John denied that he broke any rules
John denied breaking any rules.

Slide 14 - Tekstslide

Explain + (that)
“There aren’t any problems anymore”
The mechanic explained (that) there weren’t any problems anymore.
Insist + on+ -ing / insist+ (that)
“ I want to finish this first”
I insisted on finishing that first.
I insisted (that) I finished that first.
Promise + (that) / promise+ to + infinitive
“I will pick you up”
Dad promised (that) he would pick me up.
Dad promised to pick me up.

Slide 15 - Tekstslide

Refuse + to + infinitive
“ I don’t want to throw the rubbish in the bin”
The boy refused to throw the rubbish in the bin.
Say + (that)
“ the fire started in the bakery”
He said that the fire had started in the bakery.
Passive: is said + to + infinitive
“ The book contains several flashbacks
The book is said to contain several flashback.

Slide 16 - Tekstslide

Suggest + (that) / suggest + -ing
“Let’s drive more slowly
The man suggested (that) we drove more slowly.
The man suggested driving more slowly.
Urge + to + infinitive
“Don’t worry”
Hugh urged them not to worry
Warn + (that) / warn = to + infinitive
“Santa will not come, if you are naughty”
Mum warned us that Santa wouldn’t come if we were naughty.
Mum warned us not to be naughty or Santa wouldn’t come.

Slide 17 - Tekstslide

Turn into reported speech
01. John: “She is having a dentist’s appointment tomorrow”.
02. Mr X: “ You should finish the job this week”.
03. Emma: “I have never been so embarrassed”.
04. Tom: “When were we supposed to call our boss?”
05. Mum: “ My children were at home”
06. I: “ I cannot do my homework”.
07. Teacher: “ You must open your books and copy these sentences”.
08. Guy: “ I loved going to America”

Slide 18 - Tekstslide

01. John said that she was having a dentist’s appointment the following day.
02. Mr X said that I/we should have finished/ should finish the job that week.
03. Emma said that she had never been so embarrassed.
04. Tom asked when they had been supposed to call their boss.
05. Mum said that her children had been at home.
06. I said that I couldn’t do my homework.
07. The teacher said that we had to open our books and copy those sentences.
08. Guy said that he had loved going to America.

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

Change into reporting speech using the given reporting verb
01. Tom: “Gerry cheats at tests.” (accuse)
02. Jerry: “you must replace A by B” (explain)
03. Joe: “ I do not know anything” (deny)
04. Mary: “I will help you” (promise)
05. Christa: “You could work harder” ( suggest)
06. We: “ stop cheating at tests” (warn)
07. The reporter: “Mr Johnston has been arrested for murder” ( claim)
08. Mum: “You must eat all your spinach” (urge)

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

01. Tom accused Gerry of cheating at tests.
02. Jerry explained that I had to replace A by B.
03. Joe denied knowing anything / Joe denied that he knew anything
04. Mary promised to help me / Mary promised (me) that she would help me.
05. Christa suggested working harder / Christa suggested that we could work harder
06. We warned you that you must stop cheating at tests. / We warned you to stop cheating at tests.
07. The reporter claimed that Mr Johnson had been arrested for murder
08. Mum urged us to eat all our spinach.

Slide 21 - Tekstslide

reported speech
do exercises 1-3 + corpus spot

Slide 22 - Tekstslide

do exercises 1-3

OA CD 1 nr 18

Slide 23 - Tekstslide