This assignment invites students to reflect on colonialism and provides a first encounter with Marlow. Why this fragment and not starting from the beginning? Focus on colonialism, first exercise in using text for evidence.
students in random groups of three to four
teacher reads out text fragment in class (possibility to explain)
main character Marlow philosophises about conquer and colonists.
after listening, students start answering the questions .
preparing them for the activities in the final lesson.
Level 1: Imagine you are Marlow or the Russian. Make a character analysis of Kurtz from your point of view. Rules: You may only use the notes where your character was present/ involved. Explain your opinion in your own words. Give arguments/ quotes from the book to support your opinion.
Level 2 (Differentiation/ Extra challenge): Write down a character analysis of Kurtz from both Marlow’s point of view and the Russian’s point of view. They will have to use their quotes for the assignment
Insert part of the assignmentdescribe Kurtz from point of view characters (notes scaffolding) - provide students with feedback, support argument. Check understanding.
differentiation: the letter assignment for lower level students.
Lesson 3: Goals
At the end of this lesson you:
can analyse evidence extracted from the novel.
can form an opinion based on well supported arguments from the novel.
Slide 21 - Tekstslide
The "what" of this lesson
Lesson 3: after reading
warm-up horror quiz
Slide 22 - Tekstslide
The third lesson starts with a warm-up quiz about horrors, aim of which is to stress what horrors Kurtz has committed, and referring to his last words "the horror, the horror".
It is followed by a recap question similar to that from lesson two.
Then the students get into groups to give a verdict: can we hold Kurtz accountable for the horrors he committed?
Ready-made notes are provided for those students who struggled with their note-taking.
- A 1 character per group or
- B 1 character per person in a group
- if you're using option B, suggestion would be to put in a "placemat-activity" format to ensure equal participation of all students.
Kurtz's Trial - Compact - What's your verdict?
REMEMBER the Horrors
READ the quotes
DETERMINE Kurtz's fate
Slide 33 - Tekstslide
We don't have time to do the whole trial. But to give you an idea of what we want to do:
* read the quotes
* decide: accountable or not
* explain your choice
Simplified Trial Quotes
The Russian: This man suffered too much. He hated all this, and somehow he couldn't get away. When I had a chance, I begged him to try and leave while there was time; I offered to go back with him. And he would say yes, and then he would remain; go off on another ivory hunt; disappear for weeks; forget himself amongst these people--forget himself--you know.' 'Why! he's mad,' I said. He protested indignantly. Mr...
Marlow: 'My ivory.' Oh yes, I heard him. 'My Intended, my ivory, my station, my river, my--' everything belonged to him. It made me hold my breath in expectation of hearing the wilderness burst into a prodigious peal of laughter that would shake the fixed stars in their places. Everything belonged to him—but that was a trifle. The thing was to know what he be longed to, how many powers of darkness claimed him for their own. That was the reflection that made you creepy all over. It was impossible--it was not good for one either--trying to imagine. He had taken a high seat amongst the devils of the land--I mean literally. You can't understand. […]
Slide 34 - Tekstslide
Due to lack of time: peers get to read 2 different quotes and vote on Kurtz.
What is your verdict?
Accountable. He didn't receive orders to commit cruelties.
Accountable. He could have left at any point but he chose to stay.
Unaccountable. The circumstances forced his hand.
Unaccountable. He was insane.
Slide 35 - Quizvraag
Choose your option. Please remember which one it was - you'll need it for the next question.
Discussion with students: link to determinism / naturalism.
The offering was barred by a black bank of clouds, and the tranquil waterway leading to the uttermost ends of the earth flowed sombre under an overcast sky- seemed to lead into the heart of an immerse darkness.