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Chapter 7.1 review

Chapter 7.1  (review)
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Slide 1: Tekstslide
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In deze les zitten 21 slides, met interactieve quizzen en tekstslides.

Onderdelen in deze les

Chapter 7.1  (review)

Slide 1 - Tekstslide

Earth’s crust is always changing
Natural forces

Exogenic                          Endogenic
change the Earth’s crust                         change the Earth's crust
from the outside                       from the inside

weatering / erosion                             vulcanos/earthquakes

Slide 2 - Tekstslide

Layers of the earth
Crust: layer we live on, solid and very thin. Made of rocks.

Mantle:
 thickest layer of the earth, liquid but also moveable. 


 

Slide 3 - Tekstslide

Layers of the earth
Outer core: liquid also made out of nickel and iron. Cooler around 3000 - 4500 degrees C.

Inner core
: solid made out of nickel and iron. Very warm (4000 and 6000 degrees C.)


 

Slide 4 - Tekstslide

We have two types of tectonic plates:

Oceanic plates:
  • Found under oceans, 
  • thin (up to 10 kilometres)     but heavier. 
  • Made of basalt.




Continental plates:
  • Found under continents, 
  • thick (up to 75 kilometres)     but lighter. 
  • Made of granite.

Slide 5 - Tekstslide

Three different plate movements
  1. Plates move away from each other = divergent movement
  2. Plates move toward each other = convergent movement
  3. Plates slide alongside each other = transform movement

Slide 6 - Tekstslide

Slide 7 - Tekstslide

Transform
* earthshakes
Earth plates slide past each other. That is not gradual, but difficult. Tension is built up. If there is too much tension, the plates will shoot to discharge the tension.
Heavy earthquakes are born.

Slide 8 - Tekstslide

divergent
Two oceanic plates are moving away from eachother.
Because of the high pressure in the 
mantle, the magma rise up. 
When it comes into contact with 
seawater, the magma solidifies.
A mountain range is created on 
the sea floor.  --> mid-oceanic ridge

Slide 9 - Tekstslide

convergent
  • When two continental plates collide with each other :
              continental plates (lighter) will push each other up.
               --> mountain range

Slide 10 - Tekstslide

convergent
  • When an oceanic plate collide with a continental plate (subduction):
               the heavier oceanic plate will sink back in the mantle. 
               the lighter continental plate will rise up.
--> vulcanos
--> trench
--> mountains

Slide 11 - Tekstslide

subduction?

Slide 12 - Tekstslide

Ring of fire

Slide 13 - Tekstslide

Natural forces change the earth's crust.
Natural forces that change the earth's crust from outside are called ......
A
exogenic forces
B
endogenic forses

Slide 14 - Quizvraag

Inner core
Crust
Mantle
Outer core

Slide 15 - Sleepvraag

Solid
Very thin
Convection current
Liquid

Slide 16 - Sleepvraag

What causes the magma to flow around in the mantle?
A
The heat in the core of the earth
B
The heat of the sun's rays on the earth

Slide 17 - Quizvraag

Divergent
Convergent
Transform

Slide 18 - Sleepvraag

What are the effects of plate movements?

Slide 19 - Tekstslide

I =...........................

II=............................

III=............................

IV=............................

Slide 20 - Tekstslide

Let's take a look at your homework.

Do you have a question about this?

Slide 21 - Tekstslide